Battery storage signage

Thursday, October 21, 2021
Training
by
Veli Markovic

Australian Standards  

As CEC installers and designers we need to operate under the appropriate Australian New Zealand standards and this applies to on grid battery storage systems.

Signage is very important and with the standards constantly changing it is vital that the installer designer keeps up. 

Signage  

Signage is very important as it indicates to emergency service workers and others where the appropriate or the applicable equipment is located and what needs to be done in the case of an emergency or a shutdown situation or similar.  

The referenced standards  

The most commonly referenced Australian standard applicable to battery grid connect systems signage is AS/NZS 5139:2019 which breaks battery systems into three different categories.

We will look at . . . .  


This presentation will look at the various signs required specifically for a grid connected battery storage system ( just the battery component) , the referenced Australian standards and the particular clauses relevant to the signage, the locations and the equipment involved. 

Australian standards are living documents and therefore subject to change. This presentation is dealing with the current Australian standards and amendments and we are not responsible for any changes in the future in regards to these signage requirements. 

The system  

Will be looking at a on grid battery storage system that incorporates the following:

  • 1 x 7.5 kW Inverter charger
  • 2 x 6 kW grid connect inverters
  • 1 x 28 kWh LiFePo4 energy storage system
  • Battery DC voltage 48 volts

Switchboard signage

Signs for battery system location

Battery system locations that are difficult to find, not evident from the main metering panel or in large buildings shall be shown on a plan (map or drawing) located at the main switchboard and/or fire control and indicating panel. This plan shall indicate the location of shutdown procedures.

Clause

AS/NZS 5139:2019, Clause 7.4

Location

Main switchboard and/or fire control and indicating panel

How many? None as batteries easy to find

Switchboard signage

Sign for energy storage label required at main metering panel and main switchboard

Clause

AS/NZS 5139:2019, 

Clause 7.3

Location

Main metering panel and MSB

How many? Two


Battery enclosure/room signage

Restricted access

Battery systems that are accessible within an enclosure or room shall have a sign which -

(a) designates "DANGER", "restricted access" stating that access is permitted only for authorized persons; and

(b) is mounted either adjacent to the enclosure or on all doors to the room where the battery

system is located.

Clause

AS/NZS 5139:2019, 

Clause 7.5

Location

Adjacent to battery enclosure ( could add extra one to door)

How many? Two

Battery enclosure/room signage

Voltage and current

A sign stating voltage and current shall be mounted either adjacent to the enclosure or on all doors to the battery system or BESS room.

This sign shall state the following:

(a) The words "Battery System" or "Battery Energy Storage System".

(b) Short-circuit current (specify current in amperes).

(c) Maximum d.c. voltage (specify voltage in volts)

Clause

AS/NZS 5139:2019, 

Clause 7.6

Location

Adjacent to battery enclosure ( could add extra one to door) Don’t need the hazardous voltage <=60 volts

How many? Two



Garage

1750

Battery enclosure/room signage



Where multiple battery systems or BESS are installed the following apply:

(i) Only one sign is required if the battery systems are all in the same room/enclosure.

(ii) The voltage specified shall be the maximum voltage present.

(iii) The current shall be maximum short-circuit current calculated for any of the BESS, where

for each BESS that has multiple battery systems connected in parallel, the calculated current

shall be the sum of the battery system short-circuit currents of each of the paralleled

battery systems.

No multiple battery systems, so no need for this signage


Clause

AS/NZS 5139:2019, 

Clause 7.6


Location

Adjacent to battery enclosure ( could add extra one to door) 


How many? None



Battery enclosure/room signage



7.8 Explosive gas hazard

All battery system types categorized as explosive gas hazards shall have a "Danger, Risk of Battery Explosion" sign installed in a prominent position when approaching the battery system. The minimum size of this sign shall be 175 mm x 175 mm. 


This sign shall be mounted either adjacent to the enclosure

or on all doors to the room where the battery system is located     


Clause

AS/NZS 5139:2019, 

Clause 7.8


Location

Adjacent to Battery enclosure ( could add extra one to door) 


How many? Two



Battery enclosure and/or door


Toxic fume hazard

All battery system types categorized as toxic fume hazard shall have a sign: "Danger, toxic fumes". The sign shall specify the specific fault condition (e.g. fire) under which the fumes will be present. This sign shall also include PPE requirements for entering the room/working with the battery systems. This sign shall be mounted either adjacent to the enclosure or on all doors to the room where the battery system is located.


Clause

AS/NZS 5139:2019, 

Clause 7.9


Location

Adjacent to Battery enclosure ( could add extra one to door) 


How many? Two


Battery enclosure and/or door

7.10 Chemical hazard

All battery system types categorized as chemical hazards shall carry a sign specifying what to do if the skin, eyes or other parts of the body are exposed to the chemical. This sign shall be mounted either adjacent to the enclosure or on all doors to the room where the battery system is located.

Would also need to reference the MSDS

Clause

AS/NZS 5139:2019, 

Clause 7.10

Location

Adjacent to Battery enclosure ( could add extra one to door) 

How many? Two

Battery enclosure and/or door

7.11 Arc flash

All battery system types categorized as having an arc flash hazard above "minor" (see Table 6,1) ( Minor ~ 1.2,<4.0) shall carry a warning sign to indicate the dangers of arc flash. This sign shall be mounted either adjacent to the enclosure or on all doors to the room where the battery system is located.Work health and safety (WHS) regulations may require signs indicating the need for personal protective equipment (PPE).

Clause

AS/NZS 5139:2019, 

Clause 7.11

Location

Adjacent to Battery enclosure ( could add extra one to door) 

How many? None as classed as minor

At or under the battery DC Isolator

7.12.2 Battery system isolation device

The battery system isolation device shall carry a sign fixed in a prominent location with the following

text "BATTERY SYSTEM D.C. ISOLATOR".

NOTE The term "isolator" used in this sign is to better inform the public, although the function required of the device is load breaking.

Clause

AS/NZS 5139:2019, 

Clause 7.12.2

Location

At or under the battery DC Isolator


How many? One

Adjacent to the PCE 

7.12.3 Multiple isolation device

When a battery system has more than one isolation device installed, these shall be labelled and numbered according to the battery system to which they are connected.

Where there are parallel battery systems connected to the PCE(s) and multiple isolation/disconnection devices are used, the following signage shall be fixed adjacent to the PCE connected to the multiple battery systems and have a warning label containing a warning symbol and stating:

WARNING - MULTIPLE BATTERY SYSTEMS

TURN OFF ALL BATTERY SYSTEM ISOLATORS TO ISOLATE EQUIPMENT

If there are multiple PC Es, only one sign is required to be located beside one of the PC Es.

Clause

AS/NZS 5139:2019, 

Clause 7.12.3

Location

Adjacent to the PCE connected to the multiple battery systems

How many? None

Adjacent to each disconnector 

7.12.4 Disconnectors for DVC-B and DVC-C systems

Isolating switches, interconnecting connectors, cables or links used to separate the battery system into sections to meet the requirements of Clause 6.3.1.3.10 shall be fixed adjacent to each disconnector and have a warning label containing a warning symbol and stating:

WARNING - DO NOT DISCONNECT UNDER LOAD

All internal isolating devices shall also be suitably identified for breaking down of the battery system to offset particular maintenance and access requirements.

Clause

AS/NZS 5139:2019, 

Clause 7.12.4

Location

adjacent to each disconnector

How many? None, as project is DVC-A, <=60 volts

Adjacent to each disconnector 

7.16 Shutdown procedure

All BESS shall include a permanent sign detailing the shutdown procedure that sets out the sequential steps to safely shutdown the BESS. The shutdown procedure shall be -

(a) installed adjacent to the PCE to which the battery system is connected; and

(b) placed adjacent to and visible from the equipment to be operated in the event of a shutdown. Where the PCE is adjacent to the switchboard it is directly connected to, the shutdown procedure may be placed within that switchboard. The sign detailing the shutdown procedure may also include the start-up procedure.

All labelling of devices shall be consistent with terminology used in the shutdown procedure. A warning shall be included in the shutdown procedure indicating that isolation of the battery system by isolation and shutting done the PCE may not de-energize the battery system and further action may be required. 


Clause

AS/NZS 5139:2019, 

Clause 7.16

Location

Adjacent to PCE and switchboard

How many? Two

Adjacent to the battery system

7.19 Spill containment

Information signs informing the actions to be undertaken in the event of a chemical spillage or leak shall be installed adjacent to the battery system.

Clause

AS/NZS 5139:2019, 

Clause 7.19

Location

Adjacent to the battery system

How many? None, no liquid electrolyte

Adjacent to the battery system

7.2 Requirements for signs and labels

This clause looks at the signage material, is it durable, also talks about all in one options

Clause

AS/NZS 5139:2019, 

Clause 7.2

Location

Adjacent to the battery system and possibly inside battery cabinet

How many? None, signage requirements covered elsewhere


If you’d like to see what Greenwood Solutions get up to in the real world of renewable energy, solar, battery storage and grid protection check out our industry and commercial pages:

https://www.greenwoodsolutions.com.au/industry 

https://www.greenwoodsolutions.com.au/commercial

https://www.greenwoodsolutions.com.au/news

https://www.greenwoodsolutions.com.au/commercial/customer-stories


About the author

Veli Markovic

CEC Designer
Veli has nearly two decades of experience in the renewable industry. He is passionate about providing people with valuable education and is highly regarded throughout the industry as an educator and operator.
Training videos

Every week we publish new videos and walkthroughs online.

More Posts

Related posts for you

Make hay while the sun shines
Training
November 25, 2021

Make hay while the sun shines

100 kW at Maple tree logistics
Training
November 25, 2021

100 kW at Maple tree logistics

Big panels versus small panels
Training
November 25, 2021

Big panels versus small panels

Cable CCC differences
Training
November 17, 2021

Cable CCC differences

Cable tray calculator revisited
Training
October 22, 2021

Cable tray calculator revisited

Cable selection and derating
Training
October 19, 2021

Cable selection and derating

Looking for a partner to deliver your sustainable vision?